First long-term health effect of e-cigarettes discovered

4 months ago

Recent research discovered the first long term health effects of using both cigarettes and e-cigarettes daily

New analysis shows five-fold risk for people who use both cigarettes and e-cigarettes daily

What are the risks of vaping?

A recent study with 70 000 people by the University of San Francisco found that dual use of e-cigarettes and conventional cigarettes -- the most common use pattern among e-cigarette users -- appears to be more dangerous than using either product alone. The analysis showed that the risks compound so that daily use of both e-cigarettes and conventional cigarettes raises the heart attack risk five-fold when compared to people who don't use either product.

This is the first study to examine the relationship between e-cigarette use and heart attacks and begins to fill the understanding of the effects of e-cigarettes on long-term health. The study was published Aug. 22, 2018, in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Is smoking e-cigarettes next to normal cigarettes healthier?

"Most adults who use e-cigarettes continue to smoke cigarettes," said senior author Stanton Glantz, PhD, a UCSF professor of medicine and director of the UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.

While people may think they are reducing their health risks, we found that the heart attack risk of e-cigarettes adds to the risk of smoking cigarettes," Glantz said. "Using both products at the same time is worse than using either one separately. Someone who continues to smoke daily while using e-cigarettes daily increases the odds of a heart attack by a factor of five."

How can the risk of a heart attack be reduced?

"The risk of heart attack starts to drop immediately after you stop smoking," Glantz continued.

In the analysis, a quarter of the 2,259 people who currently used e-cigarettes were former smokers of conventional cigarettes and about 66 percent of current e-cigarette users were also current cigarette smokers.

The authors also said that that while there was a "lasting effect" associated with being a former smoker, there was not a significant increase in the risk of a heart attacks for former or (sometimes) e-cigarette users. They proposed that the risks of e-cigarette use may dissipate rapidly when someone stops using them.

"The only way to substantially reduce the risk of a heart attack is to stop using tobacco," Glantz said.

How to quit smoking?

1. Cold turkey (no outside help). A lot of people that want to quit smoking do this without help. Although most people try this, only 5% succeed without relapsing.

2. Behavioral therapy. Through therapy, you work with a counselor to find ways that withhold you from smoking by finding emotional triggers that make you want to smoke and together you make a plan to get through the cravings.

3. Nicotine replacement therapy. There are several types including gum, patches inhalers and nicotine holding e-liquids. They work by giving you nicotine without the use of tobacco. Research shows, you are more likely to quit indefinitely with nicotine replacement therapy, which is why we designed Hexa.

Just remember that the goal is to end your addiction to nicotine, not just simply quit using tobacco.

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